1. RULES

This series of races will be governed by The Racing Rules of Sailing (2013-2016), (RRS 2017-2020 will not be used for this Series) the USSA Prescriptions, class rules (including PHRF NW class rules), these Southern Sound Series Sailing Instructions, the Individual Race Sailing Instructions published by the race’s sponsoring club, and linked to www.ssseries.org, and the Notice of Race.

If there is a conflict between the Series Sailing Instructions and the Series Notice of Race, the Series Sailing Instructions shall prevail.

If there is a conflict between Individual Race Sailing Instructions and the Series Sailing Instructions, the Series Sailing Instructions shall prevail.

Cruising and Commodore Class boats are subject to Non-PHRF Classes Rules; see Appendix A below.

All competitors must follow the USCG VTS Navigation Rules.


Sailing Instructions may change between races.

Changes to the Sailing Instructions will be posted no later than 1 week prior to race day.


Location of signals made ashore will be defined in Individual Race Sailing Instructions.

When the AP is displayed ashore, ‘1 minute’ is replaced with ‘not less than 60 minutes’ in the Race Signal AP Rule. Regardless of the location of the AP, the starting will commence between 1 minute and 60 minutes of the lowering of the AP Flag.


There will be one distance race on each race day.

Race Committee Time will be Universal Pacific Standard/GPS time.

For all races

Cruising NFS and Commodore Class warning 0925

First PHRF Racing Class warning: 0955


Class flags for each class will be the letter flag or numerical pennant flag for the class.

Classes will start together as grouped below:

Cruising NFS and Commodore "C" Flag

PHRF Classes 8 and 9 "8 and 9" pennant

PHRF Classes 6 and 7 "6 and 7" pennant

PHRF Classes 4 and 5 " 4 and 5" pennant

PHRF Classes 2 and 3 "2 and 3" pennant

Class 1 – multi hulls "1" pennant

IRC Class "0 (zero)" pennant

One Design class designed flag or agreed upon letter flag


Class breaks: except that the RC may assign boats to a class based on the boat's design, when in their opinion it would make for fairer racing.

Cruising NFS
Commodore FS

PHRF-1 Multi-Hulls
PHRF-2 thru 48
PHRF-3 49 thru 69
PHRF-4 70 thru 73 (J-35 one design class)
PHRF-5 74-120
PHRF-6 121 thru 156
PHRF-7 157 up

In the event of a handicap change during the Series which would result in the boat’s assignment to a different class:

If the skipper does nothing the boat will remain in the class to which she was originally assigned. Her scores in already sailed races stand.

If her skipper wishes to transfer to the new class, the skipper must obtain approval from the registrar for the next race in the series prior to the registration deadline for that race. The boat’s scores in already sailed races will still be counted in the old class and not transferred to her new class.

  1. Courses

Courses will be defined the Individual Race Sailing Instructions but are approximately:

Winter Vashon. Race Starting and ending near the Tacoma Yacht Club racing around Vashon Island. Approximate distance 30.7 nm

Duwamish Head. Race starting and ending at Des Moines Marina going around Duwamish Head and Blakely Rock. Approximate distance 30.8 nm

Toliva Shoal. Start between the Race Committee Boat and the east marker of the Olympia Shoal in a northerly direction. Proceed leaving Dofflemyer Point and Johnson Point to starboard; then the government mark #3 off Nisqually Delta, the Toliva Shoal buoy, Eagle Island, the government mark #1 at the west end of Balch Passage, Johnson Point, and Dofflemyer Point to port. Finish in a southerly direction between the race committee boat and the east marker of the Olympia Shoal. Approximate distance 38.4 nm

Islands Race. Start and end outside of Gig Harbor entrance up Colvos Passage to a mark at the north end of Blake Island and returning down Colvos. Approximate distance 29.5nm.

  1. START

Races will be started in accordance with Racing Rule 26 with class starting sequence in the following order: Cruising NFS and Commodore classes then followed by the slowest PHRF classes. (Reverse starts) The starts will be indicated class flags and may be announced over VHF 72.


Official time limits will be codified in the Individual Race Sailing Instructions.

Preliminary time limits are:

Winter Vashon 13 hours after each start

Duwamish Head 13 hours after each start

Toliva Shoal 13 hours after each start

Islands 13 hours after each start

No boat shall finish after the time limit. Finishing after the time limit will be scored DNF.


9.1 PHRF time corrections will be calculated using Time-On-Distance.

9.2 If 4 races are completed, a boat’s worse score will be excluded. This changes Rule A2.

9.3 All handicaps will be checked with the handicapping authority. Any boat whose handicap cannot be verified within 14 days of the race will not be scored.

9.4 Boats scored DNF, RAF, OCS, or DSQ will be scored the number of boats that finished the race plus 1. This changes Rule A4.2.

9.5 Boats scored DNC or DNS will be scored the number of boats that finished the race plus 2. This changes Rule A4.2.

Series Ties

A tie shall be broken in favor of the boat with the best excluded score (throw-out). If a tie remains, then Rule A8.1 and Rule A8.2 will be applied.


Individual race sponsors may elect to use a shortened course option in the Individual Race Sailing Instructions.


Boats must check in with the race committee signal boat at the starting area prior to their first warning signal according to the Individual Race Sailing Instructions. A boat that retires while racing must orally notify the race committee as soon as possible after retiring by hailing, or using the VHF or telephone number provided in the Individual Race Sailing Instructions.




The ‘Two Turn Penalty’ is replaced with a ‘One Turn Penalty’ thus modifying Rules 44.1 and 44.2. Rule 44.3 shall not apply.


Signal flag ‘N’ and/or signal flag ‘N’ over a class flag means abandonment. Since there is only a single race possible per day, any abandonment will be the end of racing for the day for the effected classes.


Protests MUST be emailed AND ACKNOWLEDGED within 48 hours of the boat’s full course time limit. An email address for each race will be posted in the Individual Race Instructions.

The Protest Committee will make every effort to hear protests the Thursday following the event and boats should be prepared for a hearing at that time.

Series request for Redress. In the event a request for redress is lodged pertaining to the Series, as opposed to an individual race, a redress committee consisting of one member each from TYC, TTPYC, SSS/OYC, and GHYC will be appointed to hear the request. The time limit for receipt of a series request for redress is two weeks from the date of the last series race. Series protests may be mailed to: Southern Sound Series Protest Committee, PO Box 1102, Olympia, WA 98507.

In addition to following the rules of Part 5, a boat intending to protest or request redress as a result of an incident on the race course shall inform the Race Committee of her intent using VHF, Hail, or telephone within 10 minutes of her finish.


Safety requirements US Sailing Nearshore, except that any single or double-handed crews must wear a PFD at all times.


Race Committee will monitor VHF Channel 72 during the race.

The Race Committee’s cell phone number will be published in the Individual Race Sailing Instructions and may be used during the race as an alternative to VHF channel 72.


See the Notice of a Series of Races





A Cruising Class-NFS and a Commodore Class-FS will be offered at each race venue. These classes will be scored independently and will not be eligible for series overall or team awards. Handicaps are as assigned by the Cruising/Commodore Class Handicapper, Mark Harang, (206) 235-5716, harang3@comcast.net. It is each boat’s responsibility to obtain a handicap from Mark before registering to race. If and when a boat receives a PHRF rating, it will be used for the entire series. If a boat has received a previous handicap from Mark Harang, and no modifications have been made to the boat, that handicap may be used.

Commodore Class boats must comply with PHRF rules and regulations, except that membership in PHRF is not required. Boats may fly such sails as spinnakers, mizzen staysails, streakers, drifters flown from their own temporary stays, etc. Boats will be assigned rating based on PHRF rules.

Cruising Class-NFS boats must comply with PHRF rules and regulations for "No Flying Sails" rating, except that membership in PHRF is not required. This includes, but is not limited to, rules on whisker pole length and the rules listed below.

To be eligible for a "No Flying Sails" rating, boats must use working sails only: attached by their luff to permanent stays or spars. Not less than 90% of the luff length must be attached to the permanent stay or spar with not less than eight (8) snaps or sail track slides distributed evenly along the luff; or, alternately, attachment may be by a luff-rope groove. Only one (1) working sail luff may be attached to each permanent stay or spar.

Only one sail may be used forward of the main mast on Sloops, Cutters, Yawls, and Ketches unless the yacht is specifically rated for carrying additional sails. When changing jibs, the "up" – hoisted – jib must be fully lowered to the deck before the replacement jib is raised. Before lowering the "up" jib, the replacement jib may be hanked on the forestay, or started in the second head foil groove up to five feet above the deck. The second halyard may be attached before lowering the "up" jib. Jibs may NOT be attached to temporary or detachable stays. NFS ratings exclude such sails as spinnakers, mizzen staysails, streakers, drifters flown from their own temporary stays, etc.

The above was excerpted from Pacific Handicap Racing Fleet of the Northwest PHRF-NW web site, No Flying Sails Rating.